The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the only legally binding universal anti-corruption instrument. The Convention is a unique tool for a comprehensive response to a global problem. While implementation of UNCAC is ultimately the responsibility of governments, the Convention also has significant value as an anti-corruption tool for the private sector, academia and civil society.
In its resolution 55/61 of 4 December 2000, the General Assembly recognized that an effective international legal instrument against corruption, independent of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (resolution 55/25, annex I) was desirable and decided to establish an ad hoc committee for the negotiation of such an instrument in Vienna at the headquarters of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
The text of the United Nations Convention against Corruption was negotiated during seven sessions of the Ad Hoc Committee for the Negotiation of the Convention against Corruption, held between 21 January 2002 and 1 October 2003.
The Convention approved by the Ad Hoc Committee was adopted by the General Assembly by resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003.
These are the highlights of the Convention:
- International Cooperation
- Asset Recovery